Click here and receive your design emails today! These are chemically treated, lubricated, and then combed and cut into usable lengths. Caring for Tencel Fabric Delicate fabrics may be hand-washed in cold water with a gentle detergent. Lyocell is a form of rayon which consists of cellulose fiber made from wood pulp.
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Updated June 12, Tencel is made from cellulose in wood pulp, which is harvested from tree-farmed trees. Cellulose is the natural polymer that makes up the living cells of all vegetation.
The tree farms have been established on land unsuitable for food crops or grazing. Production plant emissions are significantly lower in comparison to many other human-made fiber operations. The closed loop process process used to manufacture Lyocell fiber does not require bleach, which is commonly used in the production of other fabrics.
It is difficult for dyes to bind to Lyocell fiber, and some manufacturers might use a variety of chemical processes, enzyme baths, and dye treatments which might, or might not, be eco-friendly. People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity should read the specific manufacturer information when purchasing garments made of Lyocell.
In blends, the natural qualities of Tencel complement those of wool, cotton, linen, silk, polyester, elastane, and nylon, and enhance their inherent properties.
Blended with wool, Tencel introduces new softness and drape; blended with cotton and linen, it increases suppleness and lustre. With stretchy fabrics, it lends a quality of softness and shape retention. Garments made from Tencel include pants, shirts, suits, skirts and leggings. New garment applications are being introduced with advances in fiber enhancements and blends.
One of the properties of Tencel is its potential to fibrillate. Fibrillation is where the wet fiber, through abrasive action, develops micro-fibrils or tiny fibers on its surface see micro photo, right top.
By manipulating or controlling fibrillation, a variety of different fabric finishes may be achieved. The surface fibers of standard Tencel are fibrillated to produce a luxurious, soft-touch fabric with a peachskin surface.
This is the usual recognized quality of the fiber. A more recently developed fiber, Tencel A, has a non-fibrillated surface finish. A also enhances laundering performance and shape retention of garments using this fiber. Tencel Clothing How to recognize and care for this long-lasting, luxurious fabric. In the fabric world, Tencel is known for its "drape.
Then the fibres are washed with de-mineralised water. The Lyocell fibre next passes to a drying area, where the water is evaporated from it. Manufacture then follows the same route as with other kinds of fibers such as viscose. The strands pass to a finishing area, where a lubricant, which may be a soap or silicone or other agent depending on the future use of the fibre, is applied.
This step is basically a detangler, prior to carding and spinning into yarn. The dried, finished fibres are at this stage in a form called tow, a large untwisted bundle of continuous lengths of filament. The bundles of tow are taken to a crimper, a machine that compresses the fibre, giving it texture and bulk. The crimped fibre is carded by mechanical carders, which perform an action like combing, to separate and order the strands. The carded strands are cut and baled for shipment to a fabric mill.
The entire manufacturing process, from unrolling the raw cellulose to baling the fibre, takes about two hours. After this, the Lyocell may be processed in many ways. It may be spun with another fibre, such as cotton or wool. The resulting yarn can be woven or knitted like any other fabric, and may be given a variety of finishes, from soft and suede-like to silky.
The amine oxide used to dissolve the cellulose and set the fibre after spinning is recycled. Ninety-eight percent of the amine oxide is typically recovered. Since there is little waste product, this process is relatively eco-friendly. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on Glass Carbon Tenax Basalt Metallic. Retrieved from " https: Use British English from September Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles containing potentially dated statements from Views Read Edit View history.
History and Manufacturing Process
Despite my less than optimistic expectations, I stumbled upon what I needed in an unexpected material: Tencel, a fiber made from cellulose found in wood pulp. Created by Austrian textile giant Lenzing, Tencel is actually a branded version of a similar fiber, lyocell. Tencel Fabric (Lyocell) from nature to your closet What is Tencel? Tencel fabric is an amazing eco friendly fabric that represents a milestone in the development of environmentally sustainable textiles. Tencel is a natural, man made fibre which is also referred to as Lyocell. However, Tencel -- the brand name of lyocell fiber -- deserves equal consideration for its versatility, affordability and environmentally-conscious production process. Considered a game-changer by its manufacturer, Lenzing Fibers Incorporated, the fabric claims to be both eco-friendly and economical.